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Author Guidelines


The following requirements an acceptable manuscript:

The result of research that contributes to sciences

Use well-described research methods that can be used as a reference for other researchers.

Conclusions are obtained and supported by data, concise explanations, are well written and easy to understand.



The general guidelines for the manuscripts are as follows:

  1. Manuscripts that are sent are authentic research results and have never been published in elsewhere and are stated in the "Statement of Originality".
  2. The manuscript does not contain elements of plagiarism.
  3. Submissions and publications are free of charge.
  4. Manuscripts are written in Microsoft Word (.doc) file format
  5. Manuscripts that have been written in accordance with the guidelines for the Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Tropis dan Biosistem must be submitted using the OJS system on the website of the Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Biosystem Engineering ( Submission of manuscripts by e-mail or postal delivery is not recommended. Authors are expected to read and understand the Online Submission Manuscript Guidelines as well as the Journal Article Templates of Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Tropis dan Biosistem
  6. Manuscripts that do not comply with the provisions will be returned to the author for correction prior to the review process.
  7. The manuscript must contain several aspects of scientific writing including: (subtitles as a sequence): (a) article titles in both Indonesian and English, (b) author's name (no academic title), (c) author affiliation in name standard (name of affiliation, address, city, zip code, country), (d) e-mail of the correspondence author, (e) abstracts and keywords in both Indonesian and English, (f) introduction, (g) research methods ( h) results and discussion, (i) conclusions, and (j) bibliography.
  8. Subtitles (Introduction, Research Methods, Results and Discussion, and Conclusions) are written in bold and capital letters, aligning the middle text. Subsequent additional text (section) must be written in bold and sentence case format and use left text alignment.
  9. The manuscript is written in Indonesian in accordance with the EYD. The manuscript is written on A4 size paper (210x297 mm), with “normal” margins as follows: inside, outside, bottom and top each equal to 1”.
  10. The number of pages in the manuscript is 7-12 pages including figures and tables. The manuscript text is in 11 pt Calibri font (except title and title), single-spaced, in one column. Each paragraph starts with a distance of 7.5 mm from the left margin and there is no space between paragraphs.
  11. Words from foreign languages are stated in Italic format. Abbreviations must follow the symbol of the International System (SI) and are recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). Abbreviations must be defined in parentheses after their first mention in the text.
  12. The unit of measurement must also follow the applicable International System. The standard unit of measurement and the element's chemical symbol can be used without definition. Decimal signs are represented as periods (.) Instead of commas (,).
  13. Each table must be given a table title and numbered in Arabic numbering format above the table followed by the table title. Tables should not contain vertical lines, while horizontal lines are only allowed in important sections. Each image/graphic must be annotated under the image and numbered in Arabic numbering format followed by an image title. Tables and figures should be provided in an editable format (if it is a graphic then the data used must also be uploaded to the supplementary files) and can be printed properly (high resolution, font size, and visible lines). Tables, graphics, and pictures should be centered on the page. Images may be presented in color.



  • The title must be informative, written briefly, clearly and not lead to other interpretations. The title should also accurately reflect the issue to be discussed.
  • The initial word is written in capital letters and is symmetrical. Article titles are not permitted to use unusual abbreviations. The main idea should be written at the beginning and followed by an explanation.
  • The title of the manuscript in Indonesian is written in a maximum of 15 words, the font is 17 pt in size, capitalized in the first letter (except for hyphens), bold, and the format of the middle text.


  • All authors' names included in the manuscript must be their full name, followed by each affiliation, address, city with zip code, and country of affiliation.
  • E-mails from the appropriate correspondent should also be provided.


  • Abstract is written after the title and author's information in the manuscript. Abstract must be independent consisting of objectives, methods, results, conclusions and suggestions. Abstracts are written as one paragraph without headers and do not use references avoiding non-standard abbreviations (if important it needs to be mentioned and defined in the abstract).
  • Abstract is written using a maximum of 250 words and is accompanied by 3-5 keywords or phrases that are sorted alphabetically.
  • Keywords should avoid common, plural terms and have multiple meanings. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


  • The introduction must contain a general background (brief and sequential) and a literature review as the basis for the problem and the hypothesis of the study.
  • The final section of the introduction should state the objectives of the study.
  • The author is expected to write an introduction by positioning himself as a reader who is not an expert in the field.

Research methods

  • The method used to solve the problem is written in this section.
  • The method should be divided into subsections to facilitate explanation of the method. All materials and methods eg: chemicals used, treatment, experimental design must be stated briefly and clearly.
  • The theory section must continue, not repeat what has been stated in the introduction. The computation section is a practical progression from a theoretical basis.

Results and Discussion

  • Results and discussion should be written in the same section.
  • Results and discussion combined into one section are not presented separately.
  • It can also be broken down into subsections with short and informative headings.
  • Results and discussion must be presented sequentially, mutually from the main results until the supporting results are complemented by discussion and discussion.
  • The unit of measurement and the unit used must follow the applicable international system. All figures and tables must be active and editable by the editor.
  • Results and discussion at least include references from 5 references.


  • Conclusions should clearly state the main findings of the study and provide an explanation regarding their importance and relevance.
  • Conclusions answer existing hypotheses, research objectives and research findings.
  • Conclusions should not contain repetition of results and discussion and should be a summary of the research results as hypothesized by the authors. Suggestions contain suggestions related to further ideas from the research that has been done.


  • Acknowledgments can be addressed to funders or parties who have contributed to the implementation of the research (not required to be included in writing)


  • All references cited must be listed in the bibliography according to the IEEE references style.
  • At least 10 articles have references and 80% of them come from journals / primary libraries, and 80% of the most recent references have been published in the last 15 years.
  • Unpublished data and personal communication opinions should not be used as a source of literature. Articles that are in the "In Press" status can be used as literature by including the date or month of publication of the article if available.
  • Bibliography may only include references that are actually used in the manuscript.
  • Authors are expected to use reference applications such as Mendeley, Zotero or Endnote.

Some examples of bibliography formats based on IEEE are as follows:

[1] J. U. Duncombe, "Infrared navigation - Part I: An assessment of feasability," IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices, vol. ED-11, pp. 34-39, Jan. 1959.

[2] T. J. van Weert and R. K. Munro, Eds., Informatics and the Digital Society: Social, ethical and cognitive issues: IFIP TC3/WG3.1&3.2 Open Conference on Social, Ethical and Cognitive Issues of Informatics and ICT, July 22-26, 2002, Dortmund, Germany. Boston: Kluwer Academic, 2003.\

[3] J. O. Williams, Narrow-band analyzer, Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Elect. Eng., Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, 1993.

[4] B. Klaus and P. Horn, Robot Vision. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986.

[5] L. Stein, Random patterns, Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55-70.

1. Journal Format

2. Proceeding format

3. Thesis / Thesis / Dissertation

4. Books

5. Chapters in books

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